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Comparison of new and old national documents of Vietnam and Kazakhstan

Today, we will compare the recent changes in the national documents of Vietnam and Kazakhstan, with which the Verigram KYC solution works.


Biometric passports and data 

The history of the document in these countries is different. For a long time, Kazakhstan's passports did not contain biometric data. However, in 2009, the Ministry of Justice changed its approach. Now the documents have an electronic chip. It contains: surname, first name, patronymic, number, place, year of birth, IIN, digital photo of the person and an electronic signature.

An interesting story happened with documents in Vietnam.

Before July 1, 2022, they contained information about the place of birth, but the Ministry of Public Security excluded this information. However, the reaction of some countries was unexpected. Because of the missing field, some Schengen countries refused to issue visas to Vietnamese citizens.

As of January 1, 2023, birthplace information will be restored to passports. Modern Vietnamese documents contain chips with biometric data (fingerprints, iris and face). Such passports will be issued from March 1, 2023. 

History of Vietnamese passports:

  • 2011 version: place of birth and full name on one line;
  • 2022 version: place of birth and full name are not on the same line;
  • 2023 version: has place of birth and full name on different lines and contains a biometric chip.

New document recognition technology at borders has also affected the location of first and last names on documents. They are now split into two lines for easier reading. This is how most systems are "used" to reading the data. 


Technology impacts document types


Both countries recognize the importance of implementing biometrics for more effective verification. They are taking into account the development of AI and computer vision technology, which is making it easier to interact with government and financial services.


Kazakhstan began implementing biometric verification more than 10 years before Vietnam. At the same time, Vietnam is focusing more on advanced verification methods such as fingerprints and iris scans. 

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